China has 56 ethnic minorities groups. One of the groups is the Uyghur people (Chinese: 維吾爾; pinyin: Wéiwú’ěr). Most Uyhurs are Mulsim. Uyghurs are the second largest Muslim group the Hui people. (Chinese: 回族; pinyin: Huízú). Xi’an has a Muslim community of over 50,000 people. Unlike some of the strict sects of Islam, Uyghur Muslims are allowed to listen to music and dance. Most Uyghur Muslims belong to the Sunni sect of Islam, while others are sufi. Uyghurs who are Sunni adhere to most of the prevalent mainstream Islamic dogma such as not eating pork, praying a set number of times each day, gender separation during prayer at mosques, and fasting during Ramadan.
The group of people in the video met every night to dance. They danced in a cement courtyard outside a shopping mall.